Technical Information

 

Technical Information
 What is the Pump?

  Pumps to suck the fluid kinetic or potential energy is a device useful to earn. Pumps from one location to a location generally flowing to communicate, to remove higher, gas is compressed to discharge gas in the benefits of closed doors.
Pump Efficiency (np)
 Pump efficiency, the power to water pump shaft is transferred to the data portion represents the percentage, in other words the ratio is determined by hydraulic power to mechanical power. np% =NM(kw)/NM(kw)
Pressure Switch
 To enter the circuit of the device otm circuit or the low and high pressure out to play when the alarm and security devices for the electrical circuit.
Mechanical Seal
 Miller to prevent leakage arising from the housing scheme is taken.
Rotor
 On the motion of electric motors, such as gear or screw pump elements translate into the shaft.
Stator
 Single screw pump rotor is called the male screw in the works, and often made from natural or synthetic rubber, and the female part of the helix.
Centrifugal Pump
 A barrel of water supplied by the fast rotating centrifugal force is the instrument used flooding. This basically reverse a centrifugal pump and turbine, water is taken in the center of the whell and is transmitted to the environment.
Submersible Pump
 The well pump is used as a name in the properties of the pump plunger is to be understood. So to be able to take water from wells to pump wells are left inside. Water is pulled in front of the pump and above will be given to almac. Capture business extended a hose from the pump is provided.
Deep Well Pump
 Deep wells are used for the flood. Pump the water level inside the bottom of the wells into an appropriate depth.

 

What is Electric Motors?
How Does It Work?
Electric motors, electrical energy is converted into mechanical energy to electrical machinery. Electric motors are most of the rotary mechanism. So many of these I should return mechanism. So they are similar, such as generator, separated by a core range of a fixed (stator) other moving (rotor) cylinder, two-axis co ferromanyetic armütür occurs.
The electric motor is a devi
ELEKTRİK MOTORU

rapid process that is used for electric motors, the conventional windings (coils), rather than rare, such as samarium-cobalt magnets, made from earth metal is benefiting from the hard magnets. Lack of engine vibrations to electricity, especially in these devices for monitoring precision orbit and is preferred for applications such as laser marking is made. Today, electric motors are often equipped with micro-processor and thus can be adjusted according to the needs of the user's work situation has been brought. Electric motors of direct current motors or engines, alternative space, such as synchronous motor or asynchronous motor is separated çeşirlere. Each of these has its own application area.
The electric motor rotation speed in machine tool, processing of the materials steel, aluminum or titanium to create the settings and that the standard asynchronous motor with frequency converter is connected to the micro processor. A weapon system is too big optronik engaged to a sensitivity at the target, the system is connected to DC motors, the rotor to measure the precise position is set with a sensor.

 

 

FRICTION LOSS IN IRON PIPE

FRICTION LOSS TABLE
NORMAL IRON WATER PIPE WATER COLUMN AT THE LOSS OF
- The red figures on the speed of water, m / is in seconds.
- Every 100 meters for large numbers of straight pipe to the water column losses are shown in meters.

FRICTION LOSS IN PVC PIPE
10 ATM LOSOF FRICTION PER 100 METRES RELATED WITH PIPE SPACE AND CAPACITY IN PVC PIPES

Selecting Cut Cable

General information about Clean Water

Submersible pumps are usually water supply, irrigation and sprinkler systems, underground water level control and heat pump applications, or less dirty water pressure cleaner is used. Ornamental pools and the use of ejector pumps are also fields.

Submersible pump applications where the ideal, or deep wells and tunnels for small-scale caisson. Maintenance in all branches and only after fluid preparations should not be used due to availability.

Work in a completely fluid they do not cause noise and vibration, provide a comfortable communication. Moreover, by the use of pumps and motors in terms of intervention can not be due to the error may arise from defects, are quite few.

Submersible pumps should be considered in the usage issues:

* Well before the installation of pumps and wells that are appropriate to purpose and the use of pumps to be sure. Sufficient to meet the needs of the user flow wells that must be controlled, will be installed and the pump flow should be seen as appropriate for the purpose of printing height.

* Sand cleaning should be done well, fluid in the sand, sludge, etc.. does not exceed the amount of particulate pump, make sure the business limit.

* Pump up in the bottom of the wells must never, motor point of the sub-minimum of 2 m above the bottom of wells to be installed should be.

* Submersible pumps, the temperature of up to a maximum of 30oC'a have been developed for use with fluids. Fluid temperature is higher than that produced in special circumstances where the use of the plunger pump and motor is required.

* Submersible pumps, air or gas does not exist in, is designed for use with clean water.

* Submersible motor for adequate cooling, sufficient fluid flow around the engine, make sure is right. Caisson wells, water tanks or swimming pools to be used in environments such as large-volume use with plunger pumps are sure cooling shirt.

* Possible about all kinds of pumps in the wells of information, monitoring and control purposes, should be trying to use. Pumps, electric motors and system status information about the output shaft can be used in the manometer mouth, especially in large power motor for divers electrical control panel, on each phase of the current and voltage to keep track of creation, such as voltmeter and ammeter how useful devices can be used as the user about the staff should be given information.

* Electrical control panels that may result from the electricity network, high or low voltage, voltage imbalance between phases, etc.. problems can help protect divers engine must be level. Moreover, the electric motor is used to protect the system from excessive current settings will not be affected by environmental temperature is extremely important to be kind.

* Electrical control panels for the setting of the over-current protection system, the system never attempted Monophase or directly on the motor label to a value higher than the nominal current value must be set. 90% of the nominal flow for safety labels are recommended to be adjusted. Stars - triangle attempt in systems in motor thermal protection label to a value higher than 57% of nominal current should be set. Be set to a value labeled as safe. Safe as a value to be adjusted to half the current label is recommended.

* Not damage the pump stay dry during the dry run businesses receive protection system is operational control should be sure that, from within the board-level power control settings must be sensitive electrode.

* Restricting the number of divers engine switchgear is a necessity. Dry run protection system is provided with one or two electrodes, the water level came to normal status after working on the engine immediately, minimum 5-minute period after a delay should start to work. Submersible pumps are carried out using the Water pump applications, pressure switches, pressure of the upper and lower settings, the number of switchgear at the desired level of implementation and to hold off the expansion tank is in the appropriate volume to be checked, to prevent possible damage will be.

* Mounted horizontally in a tank or the swimming pool, which pumps more than the number of levels, pumps and motors from several points of support is important. In case this notice may lead to damage of equipment and facilities oscillation may occur.

 
HS Static water level

HD Dynamic water level

  • 1 Electric board
  • 2 Control panel
  • 3 Manometer
  • 5 Check valve
  • 6 Valve
  • 7 Shaft flange
  • 8 Outlet pipe
  • 9 Electric cable
  • 10 Cable holders
  • 11 Electrode
  • 12 Submersible pump
  • 13 Well
     

Flooding Of The Jet Tonnage
According To The Out Of The Fountain Of Flooding Tonnage (h)
FOUNTAIN INPUT FOUNTAIN m3/h FOUNTAIN BAR IRRIGATED AREA
3/4 " 0,06 2,0 BAR 6,0 m
0,6 4,8 BAR 14,0 m
1 " 0,6 2,1 BAR 11,3 m
4,9 6,2 BAR 19,84 m
0,8 3,2 BAR 11,9 m
5,0 6,2 BAR 21,7 m
2,4 3,5 BAR 17,4 m
8,2 6,9 BAR 24,7 m
1 1/2 " 4,8 4,1 BAR 19,2 m
13,4 6,9 BAR 29,6 m
2 " 2,6 2,5 BAR 27,0 m
15,6 6,5 BAR 54,0 m
 
 
What is Centrifugal Pump
 A centrifugal pump is a rotodynamic pump that uses a rotating impeller to create flow by the addition of energy to a fluid. Centrifugal pumps are commonly used to move liquids through piping. The fluid enters the pump impeller along or near to the rotating axis and is accelerated by the impeller, flowing radially outward into a diffuser or volute chamber (casing), from where it exits into the downstream piping. Centrifugal pumps are used for large discharge through smaller heads. How it works Like most pumps, a centrifugal pump converts mechanical energy from a motor to energy of a moving fluid; some of the energy goes into kinetic energy of fluid motion, and some into potential energy, represented by a fluid pressure or by lifting the fluid against gravity to a higher level. The transfer of energy from the mechanical rotation of the impeller to the motion and pressure of the fluid is usually described in terms of centrifugal force, especially in older sources written before the modern concept of centrifugal force as a fictitious force in a rotating reference frame was well articulated. The concept of centrifugal force is not actually required to describe the action of the centrifugal pump. In the modern centrifugal pump, most of the energy conversion is due to the outward force that curved impeller blades impart on the fluid. Invariably, some of the energy also pushes the fluid into a circular motion, and this circular motion can also convey some energy and increase the pressure at the outlet. The relationship between these mechanisms was described, with the typical mixed conception of centrifugal force as known as that time, in an 1859 article on centrifugal pumps, thus:[2] The statement "the mass of water ... must necessarily exert a centrifugal force" is interpretable in terms of the reactive centrifugal force—the force is not an outward force on the water, but rather an outward force exerting by the water, on the pump housing (the volute) and on the water in the outlet pipe. The outlet pressure is a reflection of the pressure that applies the centripetal force that curves the path of the water to move circularly inside the pump (in the space just outside the impeller, the exterior whirlpool as this author calls it). On the other hand, the statement that the "outward force generated within the wheel is to be understood as being produced entirely by the medium of centrifugal force" is best understood in terms of centrifugal force as a fictional force in the frame of reference of the rotating impeller; the actual forces on the water are inward, or centripetal, since that's the direction of force need to make the water move in circles. This force is supplied by a pressure gradient that is set up by the rotation, where the pressure at the outside, at the wall of the volute, can be taken as a reactive centrifugal force. This is typical of 19th and early 20th century writing, to mix these conceptions of centrifugal force in informal descriptions of effects such as that in the centrifugal pump. Differing conceptions and explanations of how a centrifugal pump works have long engendered controversy and animadversion. For example, the American Expert Commission sent to the Vienna Exposition in 1873 issued a report that included observations that "they are misnamed centrifugal, because they do not operate by centrifugal force at all; they operate by pressure the same as a turbine water wheel; when people understand their method of operating we may expect much improvement." John Richards, editor of the San Francisco-based journal Industry, in his in-depth essay on centrifugal pumps, which also downplayed the signficance of centrifugal force in the working of the pump, remarked Modern sources say things like that the fluid "flows radially under centrifugal force",[4] or "centrifugal force flings the liquid outward".[5] Others counter that "there is no force at all, and a great deal of confused thinking."[4] Some are more careful, attributing the outward force to the impeller, not to centrifugal force: "the impellers throw the water to the outside of the impeller case. This centrifugal action is what creates the pressure..."[6] Even serious texts that explain the working of the pump without mention of centrifugal force introduce the pump as one in which "the mechanical energy is converted, into pressure energy by means of centrifugal force acting on the fluid

Centrifuge Pump Installation Chart
  • Pump before using the points to consider
  • 1- Pump electrical connection to the electrical engineer or an electrician is licensed.
  • 2- Pump electrical connection is made must necessarily connect to land lines. With current safety switch with circuit breaker 30mA should be run.
  • 3- Do not try to pump absolutely dry.
  • 4- Do not touch the pump and water pump is running.
  • 5- Pump water hose trying to be careful not to break 90 degree.
  • 6- Pump the acid, oil, petroleum, such as that used in liquid. Sand, gravel and muddy water, do not take.
  • 7- In the case of water ice in winter, keep the pumps do not work.
  • 8- Do not work on low voltage pump.
  • 9- Do not use in water temperatures in excess of the pump 30 degree.
  • 10- Use clean water in the pump.
  • 11- Installation of water pipes or the pump assembly is to be done with the record during the over-tightened connection of the pump to be careful not to crack flange.
  • 12- Output should be selected according to the water pump hose.

 

Submersible Pump Installation Chart

Pump before using the points to consider

1- Output should be selected according to the water pump hose.

 2- Pump electrical connection to the electrical engineer or an electrician is licensed.

 3- Pump electrical connection is made must necessarily connect to land lines.

 4- Do not try to pump absolutely dry.

 5- Do not slouch in the power cord Pump absolutely. Use hanging rope.

 6- Do not touch the pump and water pump is running.

 7- Pump water hose trying to be careful not to break.

 8- Pump the acid, oil, petroleum, such as that used in liquid. Sand, gravel and muddy water, do not take.

 9- In the case of water ice in winter, keep the pumps do not work.

10- Do not work on low voltage pump.

 11- Use the pump for clean water.
 

 
Hydrophores Installation Chart

 Hydrophores Installation Chart

   Pump before using the points to consider1- Output should be selected according to the water pump hose. 2- Pump electrical connection to the electrical engineer or an electrician is licensed. 3- Pump electrical connection is made must necessarily connect to land lines. 4- Do not try to pump absolutely dry. 5- Do not slouch in the power cord Pump absolutely. Use hanging rope. 6- Do not touch the pump and water pump is running. 7- Pump water hose trying to be careful not to break. 8- Pump the acid, oil, petroleum, such as that used in liquid. Sand, gravel and muddy water, do not take. 9- In the case of water ice in winter, keep the pumps do not work.10- Do not work on low voltage pump. 11- Use the pump for clean water.

 

 

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How Is Submersible Pump Made? (Animation)
To view production of submersible pump over animation, please click here.
 
How Is Centrifugal Pump Made? (Animation)

To view production of centrifugal pump over animation, please click here.